Spine Surgery

We offer successful solutions for Spinal problems ranging from cervical or lumbar spondylosis that result in neck and back pain to slipped disc (sciatica), spinal stenosis, spinal infections like tuberculosis, osteoporotic vertebral fractures, spinal cancer and deformities of the spine like scoliosis, kyphosis and spondylolisthesis. The management of spinal ailments requires a dedicated team that provides comprehensive management of spinal problems including structured non-operative treatment, pain block injections, minimal access (key hole) spine surgery and complex reconstructive spine surgery.

We combine clinical excellence and experience, cutting edge technology and unrelenting attention to patient safety in order to provide “Radically better outcomes for patients with spinal problems”.

Our partner hospitals have pioneered in complex reconstructive surgery for spinal fractures, infections and tumours. Our comprehensive non-operative program goes a long way in the management of various spinal problems and aiding our specialization in spine deformity surgery and minimal access spine surgery. lasting solutions to Spine problems are supported by specialties such as neurology, neurophysiology, neurosurgery, rheumatology, pediatrics, geriatric medicine, radiology and physiotherapy to offer unique, multifaceted approach to care of patients of all age groups with spinal ailments.

Spine Surgery

Spinal Surgery​

Spinal surgery is a surgical procedure for the treatment of spinal deformities, trauma, and related disorders.

Why us for spinal surgery?

  1. 100% safe and high-precision surgery
  2. Computer-assisted surgery
  3. Artificial intelligence and mixed reality spine surgery
  4. Internationally renowned spine surgeons
  5. Internal physiotherapy center for rehabilitation

Ushta Medicare Department of Orthopedics works with a focus on “safe spine surgeries”. Our team of experts is recognized worldwide for its dynamic innovations and expertise in this field. Some of our spine surgeons have introduced many “firsts” in India, including the second generation hybrid lumbar one-piece viscoelastic artificial disc replacement (LP-ESP), Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion XLIF (first equipment also in Asia) and MiS 360 fusion for adult degenerative scoliosis. We have the experience and cutting-edge technologies to treat a wide range of conditions such as degenerative conditions, injuries and cancers.

All About Surgery and Spinal Treatments

About Spine Surgery

Spinal surgery is a procedure to expose the anatomy of the spinal structure and treat it for a variety of conditions and ailments. Spinal surgery is often referred to as a last resort when non-surgical alternatives such as exercise, physical therapy, anti-inflammatories, and other medications have not been effective.

Spinal surgery can be performed in a traditional and minimally invasive way. In traditional (open) spinal surgery, all or most of the spinal curvature is exposed for treatment, while minimal access surgery allows the surgeon to avoid operating on surrounding muscles and tissues. Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) is preferred over conservative surgery as it offers a number of benefits including a shorter hospital stay, faster recovery, lower risk of infections, less bleeding, and less postoperative pain.

Indications for Spinal Surgery

The goals of spinal surgery are injury stabilization, prevention of further injury, relief of symptoms, correction of deformities, and early mobilization, among others.

The Following Conditions Can All Be Treated With Spinal Surgery:

Neck and back injuries that do not improve with medical treatment or physical therapy and become chronic problems can be treated with spinal surgery. However, only your doctor will determine whether or not you need surgery.

Spinal deformity is an abnormal alignment or curvature in the spine that may be present from birth or acquired as a result of trauma or accidents. Spinal surgery can effectively correct these deformities to prevent long-term impact. Common spinal deformities include lordosis, kyphosis, and scoliosis.

A disc is a soft, jelly-like rubbery center that is present between each of the bones in the spinal column. The discs are encased in a more durable exterior. When this disc pushes through its hard exteriors, the condition is known as a herniated disc, or herniated disc.

Spinal stenosis is a condition that causes the spaces between the spine to narrow. As a result of this narrowing, pressure on the nerves traveling through the spine can increase, causing pain, tingling, muscle weakness, and numbness.

Sciatica is a nerve that runs down the lower back to one or both legs. Sciatica is a condition that causes pain in this nerve due to pressure, pain, or irritation.

Degenerative disc disease causes the discs in the spine to rupture or deteriorate as a result of aging. Osteoarthritis of the spine is another name for this illness.

Scoliosis is a spinal deformity that causes the spine to bend laterally. It occurs mainly during the growth spurt of puberty.

Spondylolisthesis is a spinal disorder that occurs when one of the vertebral bones slips out of its original position and rests on top of the underlying bone. This condition is very common in sports activities such as gymnastics and soccer.

Vertebral compression fractures usually occur due to conditions such as osteoporosis. In this condition, one or more bones of the vertebrae become weak and collapse.

Spinal infections are rare and can be caused by fungi, viruses, and bacteria. Spinal infections can cause fever, weight loss, muscle spasms, pain in the legs and arms, among other symptoms.

Spinal tumors can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). These tumors are an abnormal mass of tissue that accumulates in or around the spinal cord.

Types of Spinal Surgery

There are different types of spine surgeries and procedures. The type of spinal surgery depends on the patient’s condition, the severity of the symptoms, the cause of the condition, the patient’s general health, age, and other factors.

Common types of spinal surgery include:

  • Discectomy
  • Laminectomy
  • Laminotomy
  • Disk replacement
  • Spinal fusion

What To Expect

Your doctor will first assess your condition. You can expect to undergo certain investigations and tests, such as X-rays, MRIs, laboratory tests, and more. After his investigations, your doctor will give you the mandatory instructions before the surgery.

Depending on the type of condition, symptoms, and type of surgery, the surgeon will proceed with the treatment.

Also, your recovery will depend on your treatment and the type of surgery. You must strictly follow your surgeon’s instructions to achieve a full and speedy recovery.

FAQs on Spine Surgery

Spine surgery is a surgical procedure performed on the spine, which includes the vertebrae, discs, and associated structures. The goal of spine surgery is to alleviate pain, restore spinal stability, and improve overall quality of life. There are different types of spine surgery, including spinal fusion, discectomy, laminectomy, and disc replacement. Spine surgery is usually considered a last resort after non-surgical treatments, such as physical therapy and medication, have been unsuccessful in managing symptoms.

There are several common types of spine surgery, including:

  1. Discectomy: This procedure removes a portion of a herniated disc that is pressing on a nerve root.
  2. Laminectomy: This surgery involves removing the bony arches of the vertebrae to relieve pressure on the spinal cord.
  3. Spinal fusion: This surgery involves fusing two or more vertebrae together to stabilize the spine and reduce pain.
  4. Artificial disc replacement: This procedure involves replacing a damaged disc in the spine with an artificial one.
  5. Foraminotomy: This procedure involves removing bone and tissue to widen the space where nerve roots exit the spine.
  6. Vertebroplasty: This surgery involves injecting a special cement into a fractured vertebra to stabilize it and reduce pain.
  7. Kyphoplasty: This procedure is similar to vertebroplasty, but it involves using a balloon to restore the height of a compressed vertebra before injecting the cement.

The specific type of spine surgery recommended will depend on the patient’s individual condition and needs.

Spine surgery can be used to treat a variety of conditions including:

  1. Herniated or bulging discs
  2. Spinal stenosis
  3. Degenerative disc disease
  4. Scoliosis
  5. Spinal fractures
  6. Spinal infections
  7. Spinal tumors
  8. Failed previous spine surgery.

However, it is important to note that spine surgery is typically a last resort after non-surgical treatments have been exhausted.

Like any surgical procedure, spine surgery carries some risks. The potential risks associated with spine surgery include:

  1. Infection: Infection is a possible risk with any surgery. Infections that occur after spine surgery can be particularly serious.
  2. Blood clots: Blood clots can develop in the legs after surgery, which can be life-threatening if they travel to the lungs.
  3. Nerve damage: Nerves can be damaged during surgery, which can result in pain, weakness, or numbness.
  4. Paralysis: Although rare, there is a risk of paralysis if there is damage to the spinal cord during surgery.
  5. Spinal fluid leak: The covering around the spinal cord (the dura) can tear during surgery, leading to a leak of spinal fluid. This can cause headaches and other symptoms.
  6. Instrumentation problems: The hardware (screws, rods, plates) used to stabilize the spine can break, loosen or migrate.
  7. Failure to improve: Surgery may not always improve symptoms or function, and in some cases can make them worse.

It is important to discuss the risks and benefits of spine surgery with your surgeon before making a decision to proceed with surgery.

The duration of spine surgery varies depending on the type and complexity of the procedure. Generally, spinal surgeries can take anywhere from 1 to 8 hours, with most procedures lasting 2 to 4 hours. The surgeon will be able to give a more accurate estimate of the surgery duration during the pre-operative evaluation.

Pain after spine surgery varies depending on the type of procedure performed and the individual patient’s pain tolerance. However, most patients experience some degree of discomfort or pain following the surgery, but pain management strategies, such as medications and physical therapy, can be used to alleviate this pain. Your doctor will work with you to determine the best pain management plan for your specific situation.

The recovery period for spine surgery varies depending on the type of surgery and the patient’s overall health. In general, patients will need to take it easy for several weeks to allow the surgical site to heal. During this time, they may need to wear a brace or use a walker or cane to support their back. Physical therapy may also be recommended to help regain strength and mobility. It may take several months to fully recover from spine surgery, and patients should follow their doctor’s instructions closely to ensure the best possible outcome.

Yes, most patients will require physical therapy after spine surgery. This is because spine surgery can cause weakness and loss of motion in the back and surrounding muscles. Physical therapy can help to restore strength, flexibility, and range of motion to the affected area. Your doctor will work with you to develop a personalized physical therapy plan that meets your specific needs and goals. It is important to follow this plan closely to achieve the best possible outcome from your surgery.

Yes, many spine surgeries can be performed using minimally invasive techniques. This approach involves making smaller incisions and using specialized tools and techniques to access the spine, rather than fully exposing the area through a larger incision. Minimally invasive spine surgery generally results in less tissue damage, less blood loss, and a faster recovery time compared to traditional open surgery. However, not all spine conditions are appropriate for minimally invasive surgery, and your surgeon will evaluate your specific case to determine the best approach for you.

The success of spine surgery depends on various factors such as the patient’s overall health, the severity of the condition being treated, and the type of surgery performed. In general, the success rate of spine surgery is high, with many patients experiencing significant improvement in their symptoms and quality of life. However, as with any surgery, there are potential risks and complications, and not all patients may achieve the desired outcome. It is important to discuss the potential risks and benefits of spine surgery with your surgeon before making a decision.

Spine surgery, like any surgery, carries potential risks and complications. These can include infection, bleeding, nerve damage, spinal fluid leaks, and blood clots. In some cases, the surgery may not relieve the symptoms or may even make them worse. Additionally, there is a risk of spinal fusion failure, which may require revision surgery. It is important to discuss these risks with your surgeon and carefully consider the benefits and potential drawbacks of the procedure before making a decision.

Spine surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia, which means the patient will be completely unconscious during the procedure. However, in some cases, local anesthesia or regional anesthesia may be used to numb a specific area of the spine. The type of anesthesia used will depend on the specific surgery being performed and the patient’s overall health. Your surgeon and anesthesiologist will work together to determine the best anesthesia plan for you.

It depends on the specific procedure being performed and the patient’s individual circumstances. Some spine surgeries can be done on an outpatient basis, meaning the patient can go home the same day as the procedure. However, more complex surgeries may require an overnight stay in the hospital. The surgeon will discuss the expected length of stay with the patient prior to the surgery.

Spine surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia, which means you will be asleep during the procedure. However, in some cases, local anesthesia may be used to numb the area being operated on while you remain awake. This is more common in minimally invasive procedures where a smaller incision is made and the surgeon needs your feedback to ensure proper placement of instruments. Your surgeon will discuss the anesthesia options with you prior to the surgery and will determine which method is best for your individual needs.

Yes, spine surgery can be performed with the assistance of a robot. Robotic-assisted spine surgery involves using a robotic arm and computer guidance to help the surgeon navigate and perform the procedure with greater precision and accuracy. The robot is controlled by the surgeon and can provide real-time feedback and imaging during the surgery. This type of surgery is less invasive and can result in smaller incisions, reduced blood loss, and a quicker recovery time for the patient. However, not all hospitals and surgeons offer robotic-assisted spine surgery, and it may not be suitable for all patients or conditions.

During your initial consultation with a spine surgeon, the surgeon will typically review your medical history and perform a physical examination to determine the cause of your back or neck pain. They may also order imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans to get a better view of your spine. Based on the results of these tests, the surgeon will discuss the various treatment options available to you, which may include surgery or non-surgical interventions such as physical therapy or pain management techniques. The surgeon will also discuss the potential risks and benefits of each treatment option and help you make an informed decision about your care.

The length of hospital stay after spine surgery varies depending on the type and extent of the surgery performed. Some procedures may require an overnight stay, while others may require a longer hospitalization period. Generally, a patient may be required to stay in the hospital for 1-3 days after a routine spine surgery. More complex procedures may require a longer hospital stay, up to a week or more. Your spine surgeon will be able to provide you with more specific information about your expected length of stay after surgery.

The recovery time after spine surgery varies depending on the type of surgery performed and the individual patient’s health and healing abilities. In general, patients can expect to be off work for several weeks to several months after spine surgery. This will be discussed in detail with the surgeon during the initial consultation and postoperative follow-up appointments. It is important to follow the surgeon’s instructions and recommendations for postoperative care to ensure the best possible outcome and a smooth recovery.

The cost of spine surgery in India varies depending on several factors, including the type of surgery, the hospital or clinic where the surgery is performed, and the location of the hospital or clinic. Generally, the cost of spine surgery in India is lower compared to many other countries. The cost can range from INR 1,50,000 to INR 8,00,000 or more, depending on the factors mentioned above. It is important to consult with the doctor and the hospital or clinic to understand the total cost of the surgery, including any additional expenses such as medication and follow-up consultations.

Yes, you will need to have follow-up appointments after spine surgery to monitor your recovery progress and address any issues or concerns. Your surgeon will give you specific instructions on when to schedule your follow-up appointments and what to expect during them. Generally, you may have appointments at 1-2 weeks, 4-6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after your surgery. During these appointments, your surgeon may perform physical exams, order imaging tests, and recommend physical therapy or other treatments as necessary. It is important to attend all follow-up appointments to ensure that you are healing properly and to prevent any complications or setbacks.

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