For our very special little guests, children from the age of 1 day to 18 years, we are associated with our world-renowned partner hospital that is exclusively for children. With experienced, expert and dedicated consultants and surgeons and nursing staff especially sensitized to work our little ones, we offer medical and surgical treatment across every field of Pediatric medicine – Cardiology & Complex Cardiac surgery, Neurology & Neurosurgery, Urology, Orthopedic surgery, Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Nephrology, Pediatric Oncology and Stem Cell/Bone marrow transplants, Opthalmic surgeries, Maxillo-Facial surgery. Our Rehabilitation Centre offers expert programs for children with congenital physical and mental challenges, with extensive Physiotherapy, Occupational therapy, Recreational therapy, Socially interactive therapy, Aqua therapy, Speech therapy, Audio & Visual Rehabilitation. Our dedicated doctors and therapists are available via video conferencing even after the child has returned to the home country, with regular follow-up calls and advice on amendment or adjustments to the therapy required.
FAQs on Nuclear Medicine
Pediatric surgery is a surgical subspecialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of surgical conditions in infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatric surgeons are specially trained to treat a wide range of conditions, from congenital anomalies to cancer and trauma, that require surgical intervention. They work closely with pediatricians and other specialists to provide comprehensive care for their young patients. Pediatric surgery is a highly specialized field that requires specific training and expertise in the unique needs of children.
There are several pediatric medical conditions that may require surgery, including:
- Congenital abnormalities, such as cleft lip and palate, hernias, and congenital heart defects
- Trauma injuries, such as broken bones or lacerations
- Tumors, such as neuroblastoma and Wilms tumor
- Gastrointestinal disorders, such as pyloric stenosis and intussusception
- Urological disorders, such as hypospadias and undescended testicles
- Chest wall deformities, such as pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum
- Craniofacial anomalies, such as craniosynostosis and plagiocephaly.
Pediatric surgery offers numerous benefits for children who need medical intervention. These include:
- Improved quality of life: Pediatric surgery can help improve a child’s quality of life by addressing medical conditions that may be affecting their daily life.
- Faster recovery: Children generally have a faster recovery time compared to adults. This means they can resume normal activities sooner and have less time away from school or other activities.
- Reduced risk of complications: Early intervention with surgery can help prevent complications from developing or worsening, reducing the need for additional medical treatment.
- Improved outcomes: Pediatric surgery can significantly improve the long-term health outcomes for children with medical conditions, allowing them to live healthy, fulfilling lives.
- Improved emotional well-being: For parents and children, knowing that medical conditions are being addressed can provide emotional relief and improve overall well-being.
Pediatric surgery is generally safe, but like any surgical procedure, it carries some risks. The risks of pediatric surgery may include anesthesia risks, bleeding, infection, and damage to surrounding tissues or organs. However, pediatric surgical teams are highly trained and experienced in performing surgery on children and take all necessary precautions to minimize risks and ensure a successful outcome. Additionally, pediatric surgery is often minimally invasive, which can further reduce the risks of surgery and promote faster recovery. It is important to discuss any concerns about the safety of pediatric surgery with a qualified pediatric surgeon.
Pediatric surgery encompasses a wide range of procedures that may be required for various medical conditions in children. Some common types of pediatric surgery include:
- Appendectomy: Surgical removal of the appendix
- Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy: Surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoids
- Hernia repair: Surgery to fix a hernia, which is a bulge in the abdomen caused by tissue or organs pushing through a weak spot in the abdominal wall
- Circumcision: Surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis
- Cleft lip and palate repair: Surgical correction of a birth defect that affects the lip and/or palate
- Heart surgery: Surgery to correct congenital heart defects or other heart conditions in children
- Brain surgery: Surgery to treat conditions such as brain tumors, seizures, and hydrocephalus (excess fluid in the brain)
- Orthopedic surgery: Surgery to correct bone and joint conditions, such as scoliosis or clubfoot.
The most common type of pediatric surgery is ear tube surgery (also known as myringotomy). This involves placing small tubes in the ears of children who suffer from chronic ear infections, fluid buildup, or hearing loss. Other common pediatric surgeries include tonsillectomy, adenoidectomy, hernia repair, and appendectomy.
During your child’s surgical consultation, you can expect the surgeon to ask about your child’s medical history, perform a physical examination, and review any imaging or test results. The surgeon will also explain the surgical procedure, the potential risks and benefits, and answer any questions you may have. The surgeon may also discuss anesthesia options and provide information on pre-operative and post-operative care. It is important to bring any relevant medical records and a list of any medications your child is taking to the consultation.
During your child’s surgical procedure, you can expect the following:
- Anesthesia: Your child will be given anesthesia to ensure that they are comfortable and pain-free during the procedure. The type of anesthesia used will depend on the procedure being performed and your child’s age and overall health.
- Monitoring: During the procedure, your child’s vital signs will be continuously monitored to ensure their safety and wellbeing.
- Surgery: The surgery will be performed by a qualified pediatric surgeon who specializes in operating on children. The length of the procedure will vary depending on the type of surgery being performed.
- Recovery: After the procedure is complete, your child will be taken to a recovery room where they will be closely monitored until they wake up from anesthesia. Once they are awake and stable, they will be transferred to a hospital room or discharged home, depending on the procedure and your child’s condition.
- Follow-up: Your child’s pediatric surgeon will provide instructions for post-operative care and follow-up appointments to monitor their recovery and ensure that they are healing properly.
The need for hospitalization after pediatric surgery depends on the type of surgery and the child’s overall health. In some cases, children may be able to go home the same day as their surgery. In other cases, they may need to stay in the hospital for a few days or longer to ensure proper recovery and healing. Your child’s surgeon will be able to provide you with more information about what to expect after the surgery. They will also provide specific instructions for postoperative care, such as wound care, medication, and activity restrictions. It is important to follow these instructions carefully to promote a smooth and safe recovery for your child.
The recovery period for pediatric surgery varies depending on the type of surgery performed and the age and overall health of the child. Some children may be able to return to their normal activities within a few days of the surgery, while others may need to take several weeks off from school or other activities.
During the recovery period, it is important to follow the surgeon’s instructions for wound care, pain management, and activity level. The child may need to avoid certain activities, such as sports or swimming, for a period of time to allow the body to heal.
Follow-up appointments with the surgeon are typically scheduled to monitor the child’s progress and ensure that the healing process is going smoothly. It is important to attend these appointments and to report any concerns or issues to the surgeon or medical team.
In some cases, physical therapy or other rehabilitation services may be recommended to help the child regain strength and mobility after surgery. The length and type of rehabilitation will vary depending on the child’s individual needs and the type of surgery performed.
It is common for children to experience some pain or discomfort after pediatric surgery. The amount and duration of the pain will depend on the type of surgery performed and the individual child. The surgical team will work with the child and their family to manage pain effectively. Pain relief may include medication or other therapies. Parents should closely monitor their child for any signs of pain or discomfort and report any concerns to their child’s healthcare provider.
There are several ways in which you can help your child manage pain after surgery, including:
- Medications: Your child’s doctor may prescribe pain medication to help manage pain after surgery. Make sure to follow the dosage instructions carefully and monitor your child for any side effects.
- Ice or heat therapy: Depending on the type of surgery, applying ice or heat to the affected area can help reduce pain and swelling.
- Relaxation techniques: Encourage your child to practice relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, visualization, or meditation to help manage pain.
- Distraction: Engage your child in activities that they enjoy such as reading, watching movies, or playing games to help distract them from pain.
- Support: Provide emotional support to your child during their recovery period. Offer words of encouragement and be available to listen and address any concerns or fears they may have.
It is important to talk to your child’s doctor about pain management options and strategies that will work best for your child.
Yes, your child may have some restrictions after surgery depending on the type of surgery and their individual recovery. These restrictions may include limiting physical activity or sports, avoiding certain foods or drinks, and taking medication as prescribed. It is important to follow your surgeon’s instructions carefully to ensure the best possible outcome for your child’s recovery. Your surgeon will provide specific instructions for your child’s post-operative care, and it is important to follow them closely to ensure your child’s safety and well-being.
In some cases, pediatric patients may need physical therapy after surgery to aid in their recovery. This is more common for surgeries that involve joints or muscles, such as orthopedic surgeries. The need for physical therapy will depend on the specific surgery and the individual child’s recovery progress. The surgeon and medical team will assess the child’s recovery and determine if physical therapy is necessary. If it is recommended, a physical therapist will work with the child to develop an individualized treatment plan to help them regain strength, mobility, and flexibility.
The recovery time for pediatric surgery can vary depending on the type of surgery and the individual child. In general, children recover from surgery faster than adults. Most children are able to return to their normal activities within a few days to a few weeks after surgery. However, some children may need more time to fully recover, especially if they have had a major surgery. It is important to follow the post-operative care instructions provided by your child’s surgeon to ensure a smooth and successful recovery.
Like any surgery, pediatric surgery carries some risks. However, with advances in surgical techniques and technology, the risks have been significantly reduced. Some potential risks include bleeding, infection, adverse reactions to anesthesia, and damage to surrounding tissue. Your child’s surgeon will discuss the specific risks associated with the procedure and measures that will be taken to minimize them. It is important to follow all post-operative instructions and attend all follow-up appointments to ensure a safe and successful recovery.
Yes, many pediatric surgeries can be performed using minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopy and robotic surgery. These techniques involve making small incisions instead of one large incision, allowing for a faster recovery time and less scarring. However, not all pediatric surgeries can be performed using minimally invasive techniques and the decision to use them depends on the specific medical condition and the child’s overall health.
Robotic surgery is becoming increasingly common in pediatric surgery, particularly in the areas of urology and general surgery. Robotic surgery offers many advantages over traditional open surgery, including smaller incisions, less pain, and faster recovery times. However, the use of robotic surgery in children is still relatively new, and there are some concerns about its safety and effectiveness. As with any surgical procedure, it is important to discuss the risks and benefits of robotic surgery with your child’s surgeon before deciding whether it is the best option for your child.
Preparing a child for surgery can help them feel more comfortable and reduce anxiety. Here are some tips for preparing your child for surgery:
- Explain what will happen: Use age-appropriate language to explain what the surgery will involve, including what the doctor will do and how long it will take.
- Answer questions: Encourage your child to ask questions about the surgery and provide honest and clear answers.
- Talk about anesthesia: Explain what anesthesia is and how it will be given. Let your child know that they will be asleep during the surgery.
- Discuss pain management: Talk to your child about how they will feel after the surgery and how pain will be managed.
- Discuss hospital stay: Let your child know what to expect during their hospital stay, including who they will be with, what they can bring, and what activities they can do.
- Bring comfort items: Bring your child’s favorite blanket, toy, or stuffed animal to provide comfort during their hospital stay.
- Follow pre-surgery instructions: Follow any pre-surgery instructions given by the doctor or hospital, such as when to stop eating or drinking before the surgery.
- Stay positive: Reassure your child that everything will be okay and that you will be there for them throughout the process.
It’s important to remember that a surgical procedure can be a scary and overwhelming experience for a child, and as a parent, your role is to provide them with emotional support and reassurance throughout the process. Here are some tips to help your child cope with their emotions before and after surgery:
- Talk to your child: Explain to your child what will happen during the procedure in a way that they can understand. Use age-appropriate language and avoid using medical jargon.
- Address their fears and concerns: Ask your child what they are worried about and address their concerns honestly. You can also talk to the surgical team beforehand and ask them to explain the procedure to your child.
- Be positive and reassuring: Let your child know that you will be with them before and after the surgery, and that the surgical team is there to help them. Reassure them that everything will be okay.
- Bring familiar items: Allow your child to bring a favorite toy or blanket with them to the hospital to provide them with comfort and familiarity.
- Stay calm: It’s important to stay calm and composed during the surgical process. Children can pick up on their parents’ emotions, and if you are anxious or upset, it can make the situation more difficult for them.
- Follow post-surgical instructions: After the surgery, it’s important to follow the surgical team’s instructions for your child’s care. This can include medications, physical therapy, and follow-up appointments.
Remember that each child is different, and they may respond differently to the surgical process. It’s important to be patient and understanding, and to provide your child with the support they need to feel safe and secure.